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Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC)

Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) is the main public transport operator of Delhi. It operates buses on many bus routes, including the mudrika (the Ring Road Service) and Bahri Mudrika (the Outer Ring Road Service). It is the largest compressed natural gas-powered bus service operator in the world. DTC is operating Interstate Services in 6 states viz. Punjab, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan. The Corporation is operating about 81 Interstate Routes.

It was incorporated in May 1948 by the Indian government for local bus services when they found out the incumbent service provider Gwalior and Northern India Transport Company Ltd. was inadequate in serving the purpose. It was then named "Delhi Transport Service". It was again constituted as "Delhi Road Transport Authority" under the Road Transport Corporation Act, 1950. This Authority became undertaking of Municipal Corporation of Delhi by an Act of Parliament in April, 1958. In 1971, on a recommendation from the Indian government took over the assets and liabilities from the erstwhile Delhi Transport Undertaking (DTU) operated by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi until the 2nd November 1971. Delhi Transport Corporation which was under administrative control of the Indian government was transferred to the Government of National Capital Territory, Delhi.

DTC

 

The Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) operates the world's largest fleet of CNG-powered buses. After Pune, Delhi was the second city in India to have an operational Bus rapid transit (BRT) system. Delhi has one of India's largest bus transport systems. Buses are the most popular means of transport catering to about 60% of Delhi's total demand. Buses are operated by the state-owned Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC), which owns largest fleet of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)-fueled buses in the world, private Blue line bus operators and several chartered bus operators. It is mandatory for all private bus operators to acquire a permit from the State Transport Authority. The buses traverse various well-defined intra-city routes. Other than regular routes, buses also travel on Railway Special routes; Metro Feeder routes. Mudrika (Ring) and Bahri Mudrika (Outer Ring) routes along Ring and Outer-Ring road respectively are amongst the longest intra-city bus routes in the world.

Public transport is the predominant mode of motorized local travel in cities. This is predominantly by road, since commuter rail services are available only in the four metropolitan cities of Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, and Kolkata, while dedicated city bus services are known to operate in at least 17 cities with a population of over one million. Intermediate public transport modes like tempos and cycle rickshaws assume importance in medium size cities. However, the share of buses is negligible in most Indian cities as compared to personalized vehicles, and two-wheelers and cars account for more than 80 percent of the vehicle population in most large cities.

Traffic in Indian cities generally moves slowly, where traffic jams and accidents are very common. India has very poor records on road safely—around 90,000 people die from road accidents every year. A Reader's Digest study of traffic congestion in Asian cities ranked several Indian cities within the Top Ten for worst traffic.

With the introduction of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and the development of dedicated corridors for the service, bus service is set to improve. The DTC has started introducing air-conditioned buses and brand new low-floor buses (with floor height of 400 mm and even higher on one third area as against 230 mm available internationally.) on city streets to replace the conventional buses. A revamp plan is underway to improve bus-shelters in the city and to integrate GPS systems in DTC buses and bus stops so as to provide reliable information about bus arrivals.

In 2007, after public uproar concerning the large number of accidents caused by privately-owned Blue line buses, the Delhi government, under pressure from the Delhi High Court decided that all Blue line Buses shall be phased out and be eventually replaced by low floor buses of the state-owned DTC. The Delhi Government has decided to expedite this process and will procure 6,600 low floor buses for the DTC by commonwealth games next year.

By 2010, Delhi will have over 8000 buses, of which Delhi Transport Corporation will provide 6000 while 2000 would be blue line buses, 3125 will be low-floor, 1100 semi low floor and 1000 of them would be air-conditioned. Few buses would have GPS to prevent them from straying to other routes. The city already has 655 low-floor AC and non-AC buses. The bus routes are also being increased to 670 from the current 357 routes. Delhi plans to add at least 2500 of these new buses by the end of 2009. The city has been divided into 17 clusters. Bus services in each of these clusters will be run by private operators. The first cluster is to be awarded by September 2008. The first cluster has 32 routes, on which a total of 295 DTC and 270 private buses will run. The operators will be given the option of running 20 percent AC buses. With the introduction of new buses, DTC will be recruiting 4000 drivers to run the new buses.

DTC

In November 2009, DTC piloted a program to introduce the smart card where the commuters would be able to pay the fare through the smart card. They have decided to install the machines in 10000 buses.

Regular bus services are available from inter-state bus terminals in the city. The services are extended to all the northern states and the neighboring areas of Delhi. Services are provided by state transport corporations and several private operators. The inter-state terminals in city are: Kashmiri Gate ISBT in Northern Delhi, Anand Vihar ISBT in Trans-Yamuna area, Sarai Kale Khan ISBT in South Delhi.

Delhi Transport Corporation operates many routes not only in Delhi, but also many inter-states routes. And the inter-state buses operate from the Three Inter State Bus Terminals in Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale Khan and Anand Vihar.

Old and New DTC Bus

Delhi Transport Corporation services in Delhi has vastly distributed network of bus services. It connects almost every part of Delhi with this network of buses. The most Prominent of these being the Mudrika and the Bahri Mudrika Seva services interconnecting all parts of the city with a great frequency of buses until approximately 10:30 p.m.

Metro feeder buses

Transportation in Delhi is under-going a vast change with the entry of the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. DTC has been helping Delhi Metro to connect Delhi City better by operating new bus routes connecting commuters in areas surrounding the metro stations for a better city experience.

High capacity bus service

Delhi Transport Corporation has started High Capacity Bus Service on a few routes and work is in progress to develop more high capacity bus routes. This service uses buses with improved carrying capacity and better facilities like air-conditioning, less travel time, less congestion, more comfortable interiors, GPS navigation etc. And now in the list of High Capacity Buses is the new, sleek, red colored air-conditioned buses of the Delhi Transport Corporation, which was inaugurated by Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit on 4 June 2008 during the celebrations of World Environment Day in the Capital at India Gate. Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit flagged off the eight new air-conditioned Red Line buses, which will initially ply on select routes in the capital, of which two will be on the newly constructed bus rapid transport corridor. The minimum bus fare starts at Rs.10 and the maximum is Rs.25. According to DTC officials, by 2010, there will be 5,000 new low-floored buses in the capital, out of which, 1,000 will be air-conditioned.

DTC

 

DTC is one of the premier bus services of North India. It connects almost all the major centers of North India with its services. It connects Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Haryana.

Delhi-Lahore Bus Services

DTC has also been a great part-taker in the recent friendship ties between India and Pakistan. It has been operating the regular buses between Delhi and Lahore. The Delhi-Lahore Bus Service was inaugurated on 20 February 1999 with Former Prime Minister Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee's goodwill visit to Pakistan on the maiden trip of a cross-border bus service. The Bus service were discontinued during the time of Kargil War but was restored on11th July, 2003 after a peace treaty between both the nations. The Name of the bus is Sada-e-Sarhad.

Buses take up over 90% of public transport in Indian cities, and serve as a cheap and convenient mode of transport for all classes of society. Services are mostly run by state government owned transport corporations. However, after the economic liberalization, many state transport corporations have introduced various facilities like low-floor buses for the disabled and air-conditioned buses to attract private car owners to help decongest roads. Bangalore was the first city in India to introduce Volvo B7RLE intra-city buses in India in January 2006.

New initiatives like Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems and air conditioned buses have been taken by the various state governments to improve the bus public transport systems in cities. Bus Rapid Transit systems already exist in Pune, Delhi and Ahmadabad with new ones coming up in Vishakhapatnam and Hyderabad. High Capacity buses can be found in cities like Mumbai, Bangalore, Nagpur and Chennai. Bangalore is the first Indian city to have an air-conditioned bus stop, located near Cubbon Park. It was built by Airtel. The APSRTC (Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation) has introduced Buses with two coaches. These Buses are allowed to operate only in the Greater Hyderabad. The city of Chennai houses Asia's largest bus terminus, the Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus. In 2009, the Government of Karnataka and the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation flagged off a pro-poor bus service called the Atal Sarige. The service aims to provide low-cost connectivity to the economically backward sections of the society to the nearest major bus station.